The Bauhaus Movement – established in 1919 – was one of the most influential design philosophies of the last century, particularly in the field of furniture design. In this infographic, we describe the key principles and main protagonists of the movement, and its legacy:

The Bauhaus MovementMany Bauhaus designs are still in production today – authorised by the designers’ estates and made in accordance with the original specifications for materials, quality and craftsmanship. For example, works by Wilhelm Wagenfeld, Marcel Breuer and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, as mentioned above.


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The D*Table

In 1903, Henry Ernest Dudeney stunned the mathematical world with his ‘Haberdasher’s Puzzle’, which proved how to turn a perfect equilateral triangle into a perfect square. The artist and sculptor Maty Grünberg utilised this mathematical principle to design an occasional table especially for Aram’s 23rd anniversary celebrations in 1987, which he called the D*Table.

Dudenay's mathematical principle

Maty Grünberg David ben-Grünberg Daniel Woolfson

David ben-Grünberg, Maty Grünberg and Daniel Woolfson with a model of the D*Table, photographed by Barbara Chandler

Now, in Aram’s 50th anniversary year, Maty’s son David ben-Grünberg and his business partner Daniel Woolfson have manufactured the D*Table with up-to-date materials and we are delighted to present this design exclusively to the UK market. Manufactured to the highest standards in a Danish factory (used by Fritz Hansen) from engineered carb 2 timber, the table’s surface is protected by a 0.5mm aluminium layer which is then painted with a non-toxic semi-soft matt finish in either black or white.

The D*Table in black

The D*Table in whiteThere are three hinge points for the four sections of each table and the hinges are formed of flexible upvc. 12 hinges are supplied – 4 in red, black or white – providing an extra one of each colour just in case they get lost down the back of the sofa! Each section swivels on 50mm rubber castors; for stability, we recommend that the sections are not used separately but are always connected by their hinges. The sections provide a variety of storage spaces – shelves, containers, a magazine rack and even a bottle holder. Also provided is a set of four coloured coasters echoing the shape of each section.

D*Table hinge

D*Table Coasters

Come in to the Store at Drury Lane to experience this mathematical phenomenon for yourself, or watch a Vimeo demonstration here:


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Grand Repos Lounge Chair and OttomanThis Christmas, Aram Store and Vitra are running an ‘Armchair Masterpieces’ promotion.

Grand Repos Lounge Chair and Panchina

The Grand Repos Lounge Chair by Antonio Citterio was launched in 2011 and became instantly renowned for its comfort. With its generous padding and a synchronised reclining mechanism concealed beneath the upholstery, this elegant swivel-based chair exudes enveloping comfort.

Order a Grand Repos Lounge Chair in fabric upholstery and we will give you either a matching Repos Ottoman (worth £1,058) or a matching Repos Panchina Stool (worth £673) completely free of charge. This offer does not apply to leather versions.

Karuselli Chair and Ottoman

The Karuselli Lounge Chair & Ottoman were designed by Yrjö Kukkapuro in 1964. This modern design classic was the result of numerous experiments and embodies a revolutionary combination of ergonomics, innovative materials and new production methods. The Karuselli is exceptionally comfortable as well as stylistically distinctive, because it is ergonomically derived from the shape and proportions of the human body. Kukkapuro began developing the fibreglass structure in the 1950s and as a result of his persistent efforts, he finally conceived a form that represented a novel combination of ergonomics and artistry.

Order a Karuselli Lounge Chair & Ottoman and we will give you an A331 ‘Beehive’ Pendant Lamp by Alvar Aalto (worth £799) completely free of charge.

Eames Lounge Chair and Ottoman

Possibly the most well-known of all is the Lounge Chair & Ottoman by Charles and Ray Eames. Developed over many years and launched in 1956, this modern classic aimed to satisfy the need for a large seating option that combined maximum comfort with unparalleled quality in terms of materials and craftsmanship.

Order an Eames Lounge Chair & Ottoman in any finish and we will give you either a Prismatic Table by Isamu Noguchi (worth £418) or a Merino wool blanket designed by Charles and Ray Eames (worth £306), completely free of charge.

This offer runs until 31 December 2014 for retail customers only, and cannot be used in conjunction with any other offer or discount. For online orders, please place your items – including your choice of free gift – in the shopping basket and the offer will be applied automatically.


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“With 20 percent of the world’s electricity used for lighting, it’s been calculated that optimal use of LED lighting could reduce this to 4 percent”

– Frances Saunders, President, Britain’s Institute of Physics,
Reuters, 7 October 2014

To celebrate Aram Store’s close partnership with Lumina Italia, we are delighted to offer 20% discount off the Daphine and Daphinette LED lighting range on all orders placed by 30 November 2014*.

Daphine LED

The Daphine Lamp was designed by Tommaso Cimini in 1975 and received a rapturous reception at the Milan Fair that year. It can be found in some of the most famous museums worldwide for art and design, shown as an unrivalled symbol of minimalist elegance and functionality. All Lumina Italia lighting is still produced out of a small factory near Milan and in 2013 Tommaso’s son Ettore introduced an LED option into the Daphine range, prototyped and produced exclusively for Lumina by local Milan engineers.

Lumina Italia

LED bulbs use much less energy than halogen/filament bulbs and, on average, should provide around 50,000 hours of use. Although more expensive to purchase, over time, the LED versions are more economical. Plus, in comparison to halogen lighting, the heat output of LED lighting is dramatically reduced providing peace of mind when using at the bedside or in a children’s room.

Lumina LED development

Available in a range of nine colour finishes, prices start at £209.60 for a Daphinette LED lamp, (usual RRP: £262)

Daphinette LED

See all the colour options and versions here or in store.
*Usual delivery 2-4 weeks.



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After emigrating from Israel in 1957 and working briefly under architect Ernö Goldfinger, Zeev Aram OBE founded his eponymous design business on London’s King’s Road in 1964. After 50 years at the forefront of the industry, Mr Aram knows a thing or two about what constitutes good design – “imagination, creativity, originality, time and passion,” he says.

In this beautiful video made by Crane TV, Mr Aram talks to Tom Jenkins and reflects on the philosophy that informed those 50 years:

Visit Crane TV, a contemporary-culture video magazine focusing on arts, design, style, food and travel, around the world.


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Designer: Poul Kjaerholm

As the 50’s became the 60’s, Kjærholm began work on designing another table and chair set and in the latter part of 1960, the PK 9 Chair appeared. But, on this occasion, there was no refinement or re-engineering of an existing classic that could be used for inspiration, this chair was truly unique and would go on to be considered as one of the greats of the 20th century. The seat was formed of moulded fibreglass and then covered in leather and was loosely based around his Moulded Aluminium Chair design of ’53. (Had he begun to inspire himself?)

Kjaerholm PK9 Chair

The base of the PK 9 is built with three, curved lengths of sprung steel which were then connected to each other and to the underside of the seat with the, by now, omnipresent Allen bolt. With its organic and fluid lines, the appearance of the PK 9 was certainly a stark contrast from the rigid and straight profiles he had been producing of late but, again, the construction and legibility of the design was there for all to see.

PK91 Stool

The PK91 Stool

Another key Kjærholm piece began development in 1961 and was the clearest indication yet of the research he put into understanding and then redeveloping historical models of furniture whilst teaching at The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts through ‘55 to ‘59. It’s also possible that this way of thinking had trickled down a little earlier to Kjærholm whilst studying under Hans J Wegner who in turn had been tutored by the renowned architect and furniture designer, Kaare Klint; the first lecturer in furniture design at Royal Academy. The folding frame design of Kjærholm’s PK 91 Stool could be linked back to Ancient Egypt and Klint had produced his own folding stool design in 1927The Propeller Stool – based around an example displayed at the Egyptian Museum in Berlin.

Kaare Klint Propeller Stool

Kaare Klint’s Propeller Stool from 1927

But, where the folding frame of Klint’s design was finished in wood, Kjærholm chose to construct his model using steel. But not just flat steel, of course; he added the same sublime flourish that Klint had by delicately twisting the steel frame and then applied a ball bearing joint which allowed the stool to be folded completely flat. The seat is finished in either canvas or leather and is discreetly connected to the frame by a length of steel inserted into the seam edge of the seat material which is then clipped over the top edge of the steel frame.

PK54 Table

To accompany the PK 9 Chair, the PK 54 Dining Table went into production in 1963 and re-worked the design of the base of his PK 55 Table into a continuous framework using four cantilevered steel, square frames. The circular top that rested upon the underframe was formed of marble and the 140cm diameter size allowed four PK 9 Chairs to be seated comfortably around it. But, just two elements of natural material (yes, Kjærholm had come to consider steel to be a natural material with the same variables and uniqueness as seen in any other geotic and naturally occurring material) in one product was clearly not enough for Kjaerholm.

PK54A Table

So, he devised an optional way of expanding the circular top to 210cm in diameter by introducing six, interlocking leaves of curved, solid maple wood that could be attached to the edge of the marble top by means of a simple tongue and groove system. The connection of the leaves was then given an extra assurance by O-rings placed on the underside at the join of each leaf. This expanded version of the table became known as the PK 54A and he even designed a discreet, solid maple wood rack as a storage facility for the extension leaves when not in use.

PK54A Table

This beautiful melding and layering of materials, as well as the loading of different shapes, was becoming a key part of Kjærholm’s aesthetic but with every new design he produced, he still managed to keep the volume down on its existence. It just sits there, daring you to try and look past it. The next design he released from the drawing board needn’t worry about attracting an audience: this piece was a neck breaker.

To be continued…

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Designer: Poul Kjaerholm

Before we carry on into 1957, I would just like to take a side-step to show, for those not aware, the reasoning behind Kjaerholm’s use of numbers to name each of his designs. The truth is, is that there is no real complex system to the formatting; it was just a way of categorising the products by type whilst also revealing, yet again, a continued attempt to pare down his furniture to the bare element and function: chair, table, stool etc. Initially, when working with Kold Christensen, each design was just referred to by numbers but following Kjærholm’s death, once production had been taken over by Fritz Hansen, the numbered designs were prefaced by his initials. The table below should help to explain:

Poul Kjaerholm Numbers

And so, back to 1957 and the birth that year of another future icon from Kjærholm’s stable – the PK 80 Daybed.

Yet again, Mies van Der Rohe provided him with the inspiration but just like before, whilst the Barcelona Daybed was clearly a blueprint in his thoughts when developing his couch, he then went on to simplify and refine that initial idea to produce a piece of furniture that quietly commands attention in any space you choose to use it in.

PK80 PK91

PK 80 Daybed with PK 91 Stool

The PK 80 also revealed another, key structural connector that would go on to signify a Kjærholm design – the rubber ‘O-ring’. But, whereas the Allen bolt provided a visible, fixed connection to show the elemental nature of his designs, the O-ring allowed Kjærholm to firmly connect the three layers of components (steel, plywood, leather seat pad) contained in the PK 80 whilst also providing the opportunity to easily disassemble the component parts without the use of any tools.

PK 80 Detail

This layering of independent components connected by O-rings was also apparent in his PK 33 Stool design which appeared a year later in 1958. Along with the Allen bolt, the O-ring brought Kjærholm nearer and nearer to the brink of his mission in finding and revealing a “pure construction” within his work.

PK 33 Stool

PK 33 Stool

If we momentarily jump forward to 2004, I can share a story involving the PK 80 which shows the enduring nature of Kjærholm’s designs sprinkled with a little mysticism. The Museum of Modern Art in New York approached Fritz Hansen in that year with regards to installing the daybed for visitors to use in their galleries. But, they made a special request and asked for the height of the seat to be extended in order to bring it in line with the height at which the majority of their canvases were hung, thus providing a more comfortable viewing platform for their visitors.

Fritz Hansen were of course delighted that such a prestigious institution wished to house a piece of furniture they produced and duly approached the family of Kjærholm to check the scope in honouring MOMA’s request. Hanne Kjærholm, Poul’s widow, held control of her late husband’s legacy of designs at that time and before accepting Fritz Hansen’s proposal on behalf of MOMA, they were informed that she would “need to discuss this matter with Poul”. Obviously, the powers that be at Fritz Hansen were a little thrown by this response but had no choice but to abide and wait for a decision. When the official response materialised, it was positive and they were given the go-ahead but, according to Hanne, Poul had told her that if they wished to change the seat height of the Daybed, they would also need to adjust the thickness of the seat cushion so it wouldn’t lose its original balance in proportions.

PK 80 MOMA New York

But, fear not, Kjærholm was not actually making design decisions and alterations from the afterlife. A reliable source at Fritz Hansen tells me that after speaking to Thomas Kjærholm (his son), it appears that this piece of whimsy on Hanne’s part was made up and just a light-hearted way of saying that the philosophy behind her husband’s work should be respected. Hanne Kjærholm passed away in 2009 and the rights to the Kjærholm collection were passed on to her children, Thomas and Krestine, who still uphold a firm protection over their father’s collection against any changes or tweaks Fritz Hansen may wish to discuss.

 To be continued…

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Eileen Gray Villa E1027

Marco Orsini’s documentary Gray Matters will receive its world premiere at the Architecture and Design Film Festival in New York on 15th October.

Gray Matters is the story of Eileen Gray, the 20th Century artist whose vision, imagination and sensibility changed the way we live, within both houses and their furniture. The documentary is a historical, scholarly and cinematic investigation of the life of one of the most significant, but otherwise little known, contemporary artists. It includes, amongst others, an interview with Zeev Aram, to whom Eileen Gray granted the worldwide licence to make and distribute her designs in 1973.

The Gray Matters documentary “teaser” trailer from Marco Antonio Orsini on Vimeo.


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Designer: Poul Kjaerholm

The PK 22 was clearly a continuation of his PK 25 design but also a refinement on that idea by using less structural material. Two lengths of bent steel form each side of the frame which are then connected underneath the seat by dual, curved, flat steel struts. A canvas cover/sleeve was then pulled on to the frame providing the resulting tension in the cloth needed to support the body. By removing the need for a cross-bar at the edge of the seat and back, Kjærholm had provided a much more comfortable seating experience. A leather covered version was introduced later along with a hand-woven cane seat.

PK22 PK25

The PK 22 Chair (left) and the PK 25 Chair

The PK 61 was designed as a companion to sit with the PK 22 and was surely modelled on Mies van der Rohe’s Barcelona Table. But, although formed of the same materials (flat steel and glass), Kjærholm re-engineered the idea by lowering the top surface and positioning it inside an asymmetrical frame. The small tabs that are positioned at the top of each leg not only stop the top surface from moving around but also provide a little character, and with the introduction of alternative top finishes such as marble, slate or granite; another dimension could be added to the overall aesthetic.

PK62 Barcelona table

The PK 61 Table (left) and Mies van der Rohe’s Barcelona Table

There was another, small feature within these latest designs that would go on to become a key motif seen throughout Kjærholm’s work – the Allen bolt.

Steel was fast becoming Kjærholm’s material of choice and using the Allen bolts to connect the frames of his designs allowed him to avoid the, sometimes, imprecise process of welding. It also fulfilled his desire to show how the frames were connected, thus providing a clear legibility to his designs, and led him towards creating his first work desk and compatible chair – the PK 55 and PK 11, which appeared in 1957.

Kjaerholm PK11 PK55

The PK 55 Table with the PK 11 Chair

The simple looking build of the PK 55 Table belies a much more interesting design than is apparent at first glance. The steel base frame is actually composed of four lengths of flat steel, intersecting at each corner, with the short end leg propping up the longer, width-spanning leg. Each leg element is held together yet simultaneously pushed slightly apart with Allen bolts to give the base frame an even lighter profile and also to reveal the four separate planes. The top is offered in ash wood.


The perpendicular planes of the flat metal legs are held fractionally apart by allen bolts

The frame of the PK 11 Chair is symbiotically formed of four lengths of flat steel: three legs and one cross-bar to support the leather upholstered seat pad. The three vertical lengths are held together with an elegantly curved back/armrest shaped from a wedge of layered, laminated ash wood which, height-wise, sits just under the lip of the table top but meets the fascia of the steel frame under the PK 55 table. This is just a guess but could it be that Kjærholm simply wanted to avoid the possibility of anyone hiding this beautiful piece of minimalist design by pushing it all the way under the table?

To be continued…

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CH24 Wishbone Chair2014 would have been Hans J Wegner’s 100th birthday and to celebrate this centenary, we have a wonderful offer on Wegner’s best known design, the CH24 ‘Wishbone’ chair. Order a set of six chairs (or more) and not only will you receive a 10% discount on the set, but also one chair of the set will be a very special anniversary edition engraved with Wegner’s signature and his birth date – 2nd April. If ordered online, the discount will automatically be applied when six chairs are placed in the shopping basket. This special offer applies only to the natural oiled oak and natural papercord seat version of the chair, and it lasts until 30th September or whilst stocks last.

Each CH24 chair is strung by hand

Hans Wegner designed the CH24 chair to be beautiful and functional but it is not easy to make. The back legs are steam-bent into a curve that tapers to join a semi-circular steam-bent back rest. The delicate taper of all the legs tested the limits of serial production. The joinery was difficult – even a small mistake would compromise structural integrity – but the 100 separate manual tasks resulted in a strong, lightweight chair. Today, Carl Hansen & Son’s production of this timeless piece embodies a synthesis of technology and craftsmanship, resulting in superb quality that lasts a lifetime.

Watch a video of this beautiful chair being made:


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